A stone slab is a big stone, flat and of little thickness. Stone blocks and slabs are pieces of natural rock formations that are used in sculptures and as building materials. Since this type of stone has a very high resistance to heat and moisture, it can be one of the best options for making table countertops.
Kitchens and bathrooms have a lot in common. Not only are they the two most commonly renovated rooms in a home ( americas most popular home remodeling projects ), but they also both include countertops as a primary feature. And kitchen and bathroom countertops have something else in common: Moisture. Water is inevitably present around sinks, and that fact limits what kind of surface can be used for these countertops. Kitchen counters are also subject to a lot of wear from spills, hot objects, as well as scratches from knives and other utensils. So obviously, porous and non-durable surfaces such as wood or laminates are not the best choices for these countertops, but what is a good choice? Better yet, what surfaces make the best countertops? The short answer is stone. Stone is not only durable and well-suited to the task, but it’s a beautiful design element as well. Large stone slabs are ideal for countertops, and premium quality stone can even increase a home’s value. There are hundreds of different types of stone to choose from when designing or remodeling a home, but what kind works best for countertops? Let’s explore the top 4.
Those familiar with interior design will not be surprised to find granite listed first here. Granite has long been the premier choice of designers and builders for countertops due to both its beauty and durability. Put simply, there is no better natural stone option for a countertop. Once found almost exclusively in high-end homes due to its cost, granite has become increasingly more common as the “go-to” stone for countertops. Granite is an igneous rock formed naturally deep in the Earth’s crust, where extreme pressure and temperatures in excess of 2300° F causes small particles of quartz and feldspar to fuse together. This not only gives granite its signature speckled or mottled appearance, which helps to conceal seams, but also its remarkable hardness and superior heat resistance. Before being used as a countertop, granite slabs should be treated with sealant.
Like granite, quartzite is a naturally occurring stone that offers both beauty and substantial durability to countertop surfaces. As a natural stone countertop option, quartzite has one significant advantage over granite. It has greater density, which makes it more resistant to chipping, staining, or scratches.
Crystal Stone is actually the marble stone that has been recrystallized due to the thermal pressure caused by the injection of high-temperature magma during long periods of time, and its gradation is crystalline, which is visible with the eye. In the case of the coarseness of this aggregate, this building stone is called a crystal. Crystal or Marble stone is composed mainly of two minerals, Wollastonite and calcite. Due to the fact that the stone creates a sound similar to the sound of Chinese porcelain, it is known as “Porcelain Stone” in Iran. The crystal stone is found mainly in dark gray to light background, black and yellow veins.
Marble is listed here primarily because of its status as a premium design choice. Having been used in classical sculpture and as an upscale building material for centuries, most people naturally equate marble with opulence. Marble is actually a metamorphic rock that’s naturally formed by subjecting limestone or dolomite to extreme pressure in the Earth’s crust. Impurities allow marble to form in a vast variety of colors and styles (more than 250 are offered by Opustone), which lends to its desirability as a design element. However, despite its popularity, marble is not as durable as the other options here.