A stone slab is a big stone, flat and of little thickness, that are generally used for paving floors, for covering walls or as headstones. Most dolmen constructions they were build using stone slabs of big dimensions. The main applications of the slabs as material of construction are for pavings and in the construction of roofs. But they can be employed for other uses, among them:
Stone blocks and slabs are pieces of natural rock formations that are used in sculptures and as building materials. Categories include marble, granite, sandstone, slate, limestone, quartzite, and bidasar. Travertine and onyx are also available. Some stone blocks and slabs are brushed, polished and honed. Others have a rough, textured surface and are slip resistant.
After extracting the stone from the mine, it can be cut into different dimensions. One of the types of natural stone cutting is in the form of slabs, which have large dimensions. Slab stones are usually produced in the dimensions of 120 x 220 cm and its thickness is usually two centimeters or more. Generally, if a stone is more than 70 cm wide, it is called a slab stone. Of course, depending on the use of slab stone, its dimensions also change.
Typically, stone blocks and slabs are used in the design and construction of countertops, flooring, fireplaces, bathrooms, walkways, and kitchens. Additional building and construction applications include roofing and wall-cladding. Resistance to fire, water, and temperature changes are additional specifications to consider. Marble and granite are popular types of stone blocks and slabs. A metamorphic rock, marble is irregularly-colored with impurities. Colors include white, red, black, gray, pink and green. Mottled marble and banded marble are also available.
Marble: Typically, marble is used for interior and exterior flooring applications.
Granite: Granite, another common building material, is used as both as structural and ornamental stone. An igneous rock, granite offers high compressive strength and durability. Granite blocks are used in monuments such as statues and headstones. Granite slabs are used in fabricating granite counter tops and granite flooring.
Sandstone: A sedimentary rock, sandstone is formed by the compaction of sand and held together by silica. Indian sandstone is used widely in both residential and commercial construction. Applications for sandstone include flooring, paving, and wall-cladding.
Limestone: Limestone is a sedimentary rock with high resistance to freezing and thawing conditions. Limestone tiles and limestone slabs are often beige or tan in color, and are used as flooring materials.
Quartzite: Quartzite tiles and quartzite stones are used in applications ranging from roofing to flooring.
Travertine: Travertine is a sedimentary rock used for paving patio and garden paths.