What is the best facade stone and what are its characteristics?

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One of the main parts of the building is the exterior facade. The facade of the building is the overall appearance, which expresses the general quality and style of the building. stone is one of the most popular and best types of building facades in the world. In recent years, the use of synthetic materials has become popular. to natural and artificial products with a wide range of designs and colors, has been able to be known as one of the most popular and best-selling facades in all construction projects

The Advantage of Using Stone in the Facade of the Building

  • Increase the useful life of the building
  • Decorate and beautify the exterior of the building
  • Prevent possible damage such as collapse, wear and dampness of the structure
  • Prevent wastage of thermal energy inside the building
  • Provide proper insulation against ambient sounds
  • Ease of cleaning and scaling due to environmental pollution

Tips for buying stone for building facades

Choosing the right building stone is very important and will prevent damage, additional costs, and the need to repair the facade of the building. Different types of building stones, especially natural stones, have unique characteristics and parameters and will be suitable for use in special climatic conditions. Therefore, to choose and buy a building facade stone, it is better to pay attention to the following:

  • Climate in the region
  • Humidity in the area
  • Temperature changes and fluctuations in the region

Important features of building facade stone

Stone facade color

The color of the stone is one of the most important features that you should pay attention to when choosing and buying a stone. This feature has a huge impact on the final beauty of the construction project. The choice of stone color is also influenced by the climatic conditions of the region.

Durability, Longevity and Durability of the Stone

It is safe to say that one of the most important and main characteristics of the selection and purchase of building stone is the durability and longevity. The durability and durability of the stone guarantees its resistance to possible damage and weathering. The results of laboratory analyzes in this area have shown that rock texture has a great impact on determining its strength and will have a great impact on the rate of rock erosion. Therefore, in order to reduce the costs of repairing and re-implementing facade stone.

Rock porosity

Stone porosity is one of the most important characteristics of building facade stone selection. This important factor varies from rock to rock depending on the type of rock and how it is formed. Rock porosity means the presence of holes on the surface of the rock that determine the strength and adhesion of materials and mortar.

Other features of the building facade

In addition to the important points mentioned, the following parameters can also be mentioned regarding the characteristics of the masonry:

  • Resistance to climate change, frost, weathering, chemical compounds and impact
  • Ease of polishing, cutting and sawing
  • Resistant to abrasion, friction and premature erosion
  • Lightweight
  • Minimal amount of metals, impurities and additives
  • Possibility of high and satisfactory adhesion to all types of construction mortars
  • Ease of maintenance and cleaning

Introducing the best building facade stone


Travertine is among the limestones. It forms around hot springs and mineral waters. It has a unique marble texture and colors that have made it one of the most popular building materials. Highlights of travertine include the following:

  • Special and unique style
  • High durability
  • Color stability
  • Porous
  • Easily Repaired
  • Affordable
  • Eco-friendly
  • High polishing capability

Travertine is the most suitable and best option for the exterior and even in some interior parts of the building. This stone is completely porous. Therefore, it has a high adhesion capability and easily adheres to the wall with mortar. Travertine is resistant to the penetration of cold water, heat, harmful rays of sunlight. This stone has a wide range of colors. Many architects use travertine to build Roman facades.

Types of travertine

Iran is one of the mining hubs of natural stones in the world. There are many travertine quarries. Types of travertine available in Iran are:

  • Atashkoh
  • Tree trunk
  • Hajiabad abrobad
  • Hajiabad bright
  • Russet Takab
  • Khalkhal
  • Leather heater valley
  • Bright heater valley
  • Screw wave heater valley
  • Silver Maraghe Leather
  • Torogh
  • Abbas abad
  • Kashan

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